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ERIC Number: EJ928670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Controlling Retrieval during Practice: Implications for Memory-Based Theories of Automaticity
Wilkins, Nicolas J.; Rawson, Katherine A.
Journal of Memory and Language, v65 n2 p208-221 Aug 2011
Memory-based processing theories of automaticity assume that shifts from algorithmic to retrieval-based processing underlie practice effects on response times. The current work examined the extent to which individuals can exert control over the involvement of retrieval during skill acquisition and the factors that may influence control. In two experiments, participants performed alphabet arithmetic verification in an initial practice session followed by a test session after seven days. Retrieval use during practice was lower for participants instructed to perform the task as accurately as possible than for participants instructed to perform the task as quickly as possible. The presence of novel items also reduced retrieval use. Of secondary interest, differential use of retrieval during practice had no significant effect on later performance during test. Results suggest that memory-based processing theories need to include a top-down control mechanism for the involvement of retrieval during skill acquisition, and we discuss ways in which theories may be modified to accommodate the current results. (Contains 4 tables and 5 figures.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A