ERIC Number: EJ928591
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
Parental Reactions to Toddlers' Negative Emotions and Child Negative Emotionality as Correlates of Problem Behavior at the Age of Three
Engle, Jennifer M.; McElwain, Nancy L.
Social Development, v20 n2 p251-271 May 2011
Parent-reported reactions to children's negative emotions and child negative emotionality were investigated as correlates of internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Children (N = 107) and their parents participated in a short-term longitudinal study of social development. Mothers and fathers independently completed questionnaires assessing parental reactions to their child's negative emotions and child negative emotionality at Time 1 (33 months) and child behavior problems at Time 2 (39 months). Child negative emotionality was significantly related to greater internalizing and externalizing behavior. Maternal and paternal punitive reactions were related to greater internalizing behavior, but only for boys with high levels of negative emotionality. Results indicate that child temperament and child gender may be important moderators of the relation between parental emotion socialization and child internalizing problems during the toddler and early preschool years.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Parent Child Relationship, Social Development, Self Control, Parenting Styles, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Fathers, Punishment, Gender Differences, Personality, Socialization, Emotional Response
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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