ERIC Number: EJ928590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Media Violence Associations with the Form and Function of Aggression among Elementary School Children
Gentile, Douglas A.; Mathieson, Lindsay C.; Crick, Nicki R.
Social Development, v20 n2 p213-232 May 2011
Although the association between media violence exposure (MVE) and physical aggression (PA) has been well studied, few studies have examined the link between MVE and other subtypes of aggression. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between MVE and reactive and proactive subtypes of both PA and relational aggression (RA). Six hundred and forty-one third to fifth grade students reported on their exposure to media violence. RA and PA were assessed by peers and teachers. Reactive and proactive subtypes of RA and PA were assessed by teacher reports. Findings revealed a significant positive association between MVE and overall PA and RA. The relation with RA was stronger for girls than for boys. When predicting the functional subtypes of aggression, higher MVE was associated with lower reactive RA, higher proactive RA, and higher reactive PA, and MVE was unrelated to proactive PA. The implications of the findings for future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Violence, Aggression, Mass Media, Correlation, Prediction, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A