ERIC Number: EJ928533
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 118
Effects of Negative and Positive Evidence on Adult Word Learning
Strapp, Chehalis M.; Helmick, Augusta L.; Tonkovich, Hayley M.; Bleakney, Dana M.
Language Learning, v61 n2 p506-532 Jun 2011
This study compared negative and positive evidence in adult word learning, predicting that adults would learn more forms following negative evidence. Ninety-two native English speakers (32 men and 60 women [M[subscript age] = 20.38 years, SD = 2.80]), learned nonsense nouns and verbs provided within English frames. Later, participants produced plural and past tense forms for the irregular nouns and verbs following negative or positive evidence. As anticipated, correct production followed negative evidence, and errors followed positive evidence. Additionally, participants learned more verbs than nouns. Implications for first and second language learning are discussed.
Descriptors: Evidence, Verbs, Nouns, Grammar, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Comparative Analysis, Adults, English, Native Speakers, Morphemes, Error Patterns, Language Acquisition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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