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ERIC Number: EJ928165
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4294
The Early Development of Sight-Reading Skills in Adulthood: A Study of Eye Movements
Penttinen, Marjaana; Huovinen, Erkki
Journal of Research in Music Education, v59 n2 p196-220 Jul 2011
In this study the effects of skill development on the eye movements of beginning adult sight-readers were examined, focusing on changes in the allocation of visual attention within metrical units as well as in the processing of larger melodic intervals. The participants were future elementary school teachers, taking part in a 9-month-long music training period. During this period, 15 novice sight-readers' development was observed in three measurements, with 15 amateur musicians functioning as a comparison group. The novices' allocation of fixation time within metrical units gradually approached a pattern demonstrated by the amateurs in which increased sensitivity to metrical divisions was evinced by larger average fixation times on the latter halves of bars. Concerning larger melodic skips in otherwise stepwise melodic contexts, an analysis of fixation times suggested that the novices' visual processing of skips did not proceed in terms of note comparison across the skip but rather through a direct identification of the notational symbols involved. Skill development was seen, then, as increasing fluency of this identification process. These and similar findings may lead to a better understanding of the problems encountered by novice sight-readers and thus to advancements in the pedagogy of music reading. (Contains 10 notes, 1 table, and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A