ERIC Number: EJ928120
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
Solving Word Problems Using Schemas: A Review of the Literature
Powell, Sarah R.
Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, v26 n2 p94-108 May 2011
Solving word problems is a difficult task for students at-risk for or with learning disabilities (LD). One instructional approach that has emerged as a valid method for helping students at-risk for or with LD to become more proficient at word-problem solving is using schemas. A schema is a framework for solving a problem. With a schema, students are taught to recognize problems as falling within word-problem types and to apply a problem solution method that matches that problem type. This review highlights two schema approaches for second- and third-grade students at-risk for or with LD: schema-based instruction and schema-broadening instruction. A total of 12 schema studies were reviewed and synthesized. Both types of schema approaches enhanced the word-problem skill of students at-risk for or with LD. Based on the review, suggestions are provided for incorporating word-problem instruction using schemas.
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Literature Reviews, At Risk Students, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Mathematics, Schemata (Cognition)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A