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ERIC Number: EJ928067
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-0027-3171
A Comparison of Paper and Online Tests Using a within-Subjects Design and Propensity Score Matching Study
Lottridge, Susan M.; Nicewander, W. Alan; Mitzel, Howard C.
Multivariate Behavioral Research, v46 n3 p544-566 2011
This inquiry had 2 components: (1) the first was substantive and focused on the comparability of paper-based and computer-based test forms and (2) the second was a within-study comparison wherein a quasi-experimental method, propensity score matching, was compared with a credible benchmark method, a within-subjects design. The tests used in the comparison of online tests and paper-based tests were End-of-Course tests in Algebra and English, in a statewide high school testing program. Students were tested in Grades 8 and 9. In general, the substantive studies suggested that the online and paper tests appeared to be measuring the same underlying constructs with the same level of reliability. The within-study portion of the investigation indicated that propensity score matching study yielded results that were virtually identical to the outcome of the more conventional within-subjects experimental design. Both the methodological and substantive aspects of this investigation yielded outcomes that should be of interest to investigators in both of these areas. (Contains 2 figures, 1 footnote, and 12 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A