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ERIC Number: EJ927464
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0160-2896
Children's Working Memory: Its Structure and Relationship to Fluid Intelligence
Hornung, Caroline; Brunner, Martin; Reuter, Robert A. P.; Martin, Romain
Intelligence, v39 n4 p210-221 Jul-Aug 2011
Working memory (WM) has been predominantly studied in adults. The insights provided by these studies have led to the development of competing theories on the structure of WM and conflicting conclusions on how strongly WM components are related to higher order thinking skills such as fluid intelligence. However, it remains unclear whether and to what extent the theories and findings derived from adult data generalize to children. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate children's WM (N = 161), who attended classes at the end of kindergarten in Luxembourg. Specifically, we examine different structural models of WM and how its components, as defined in these models, are related to fluid intelligence. Our results indicate that short-term storage capacity primarily explains the relationship between WM and fluid intelligence. Based on these observations we discuss the theoretical and methodological issues that arise when children's WM is investigated. (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Luxembourg