ERIC Number: EJ926774
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
The Role of Children's Appraisals on Adjustment Following Psychological Maltreatment: A Pilot Study
Leeson, Fiona J.; Nixon, Reginald D. V.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n5 p759-771 Jul 2011
Little is known about the cognitive mechanisms involved in the development of psychopathology following psychological maltreatment in children. This study therefore examined the role of thinking styles on children's outcomes following this subtype of maltreatment. Children who had experienced past maltreatment (n = 24) and a control group (n = 26) were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Maltreatment history, cognitive styles and psychological outcomes, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and self-esteem were assessed. Parents/caregivers also completed a measure of child internalizing and externalizing behaviours. Psychological maltreatment made a significant contribution to children's self-reported depression and low self-esteem, and parent reported internalizing and externalizing problems, even after controlling for other abusive experiences. This was not the case for PTSD symptoms. Further, children's cognitive styles were associated with self-reported depression, self-esteem and PTSD. They did not, however, predict parent-rated emotional and behavioural problems. This study provides preliminary support for a cognitive model of adjustment following psychological maltreatment. The results indicate the need for enhanced community awareness about the impact of psychological maltreatment, and suggest a direction for therapeutic intervention.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Child Abuse, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Caregivers, Psychopathology, Role, Cognitive Processes, Depression (Psychology), Cognitive Style, Questionnaires, Self Esteem, Behavior Problems, Parent Child Relationship, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Parent Attitudes, Emotional Adjustment
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A