ERIC Number: EJ926749
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 17
Analysis of Variance: What Is Your Statistical Software Actually Doing?
Li, Jian; Lomax, Richard G.
Journal of Experimental Education, v79 n3 p279-294 2011
Users assume statistical software packages produce accurate results. In this article, the authors systematically examined Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and Statistical Analysis System (SAS) for 3 analysis of variance (ANOVA) designs, mixed-effects ANOVA, fixed-effects analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and nested ANOVA. For each model, the authors examined 3 different data sets. With the mixed-effects design, results were always correct for SPSS syntax and SAS syntax. For SPSS point-and-click, the F and p values for the random-effect were always incorrect as the wrong error term is used. With the ANCOVA design, results varied both by software package and by type of sums of squares. With the nested design, the p values for the F and multiple comparison procedure did not agree for the nonnested factor in SPSS point-and-click. Recommendations were made regarding which package to use for each design. (Contains 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Social Sciences, Computer Software, Statistical Analysis, Models, Data Analysis, Syntax
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A