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ERIC Number: EJ926268
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 2
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Inclusion in Two Languages: Special Education in Portugal and the United States
Linn, Margaret Inman
Phi Delta Kappan, v92 n8 p58-60 May 2011
Each culture's values shape its education practices. A comparison of U.S. and Portuguese practices in including children with disabilities in regular classrooms illuminates much about both our systems. The Portuguese value interdependence, and their education system promotes shared responsibility by students in a class to help the education of a special needs student. Their system emphasizes the social gains made by students with disabilities. The U.S. culture emphasizes self-sufficiency, so the U.S. system emphasizes academic achievement for special needs students, which may not be in their best interests.
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal; United States