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ERIC Number: EJ926254
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Leading through a Fiscal Nightmare: The Impact on Principals and Superintendents
Ginsberg, Rick; Multon, Karen D.
Phi Delta Kappan, v92 n8 p42-47 May 2011
Given the centrality of leadership for school success, leader morale and effectiveness in tough times can't be overemphasized. The authors' work examined how principals and superintendents deal with and are affected by a significant economic downturn. They surveyed 93 principals from one large upper-Midwest metropolitan area and 100 superintendents from four states across the country. Follow-up interviews were conducted with selected leaders. Their survey included both forced-choice and open-ended questions. The authors' data suggest that school leaders are a resilient breed, but areas of concern are emerging. This appears more significant for superintendents than principals, though both groups are clearly impacted. Given the climate of growing federal and state pressure on student performance, finding ways to help leaders personally navigate difficult economic conditions seems paramount.
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A