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ERIC Number: EJ926223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-1045-1595
Short-Duration Mindfulness Training with Adult Learners
Crumley, Gene; Schutz, Howard
Adult Learning, v22 n2 p37-42 Spr 2011
The adult learner is typically a motivated student who comes to class prepared to pay attention. They also come with cognitive and emotional stimuli not related to the course's content, which can be distracting especially at the start of a class or following a break. Ways of dealing with the problem of start-of-class attention, and for that matter, attention during class, have been developed for K-12 education, including what might be called "mindfulness" training for students. The success of these techniques is based on sound scientific evidence on how mindfulness activities can and do influence attention. Based upon the work of Arthur Zajonc (2009), as well as a presentation done by him at UC Davis Extension in 2009, the authors developed a very simple mindfulness technique to use with adult learners to gain and increase attention at the start of class and following breaks. While there are significant limits to what was accomplished in the study (e.g., only one instructor used the technique with a total of 145 individuals in six courses), the authors think the technique could, nonetheless, be generalized across many different course topics and instructors with similar results. (Contains 4 tables.)
American Association for Adult and Continuing Education. 10111 Martin Luther King Jr. Highway Suite 200C, Bowie, MD 20720. Tel: 301-459-6261; Fax: 301-459-6241; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A