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ERIC Number: EJ926048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 33
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 96
ISSN: ISSN-0022-1546
Race and Equality in the Academy: Rethinking Higher Education Actors and the Struggle for Equality in the Post-World War II Period
Hutcheson, Philo; Gasman, Marybeth; Sanders-McMurtry, Kijua
Journal of Higher Education, v82 n2 p121-153 Mar-Apr 2011
This article focuses on three separate historical case studies in the 1940s and 1950s in order to challenge common assumptions about who has been active, and when, in the struggle for racial equality in U.S. higher education. Although scholars have traditionally argued that the late 1950s represent the beginning of the activities and naming of the Civil Rights Movement, research is increasingly showing that civil rights activities were well underway in many parts of the United States in the 1940s and sustained during the 1950s; this broader research should inform inquiry in the study of racial equality in higher education (Egerton, 1994; Gardner, 2002; Guterl, 2001; Hahn, 2003). In this article, the authors focus on African Americans because in the 1940s and 1950s, they were arguably the most visible and vocal minority group seeking equality of opportunity. Following the lead of the historians who have examined the general subject of civil rights in the 1940s and 1950s, each case study in this article examines events in those years, when the developing Civil Rights Movement engaged a variety of higher education participants; the authors seek to expand the discussion of the early years of the Civil Rights Movement to higher education. This engagement is a key illustration of the complexity of the meanings of the struggle to gain access to higher education. (Contains 43 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A