ERIC Number: EJ925887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Chicana/o Students Respond to Arizona's Anti-Ethnic Studies Bill, SB 1108: Civic Engagement, Ethnic Identity, and Well-Being
O'Leary, Anna Ochoa; Romero, Andrea J.
Aztlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies, v36 n1 p9-36 Spr 2011
Arizona Senate Bill 1108, the "anti-ethnic studies bill," proposed to eliminate ethnic studies programs and ethnic-based organizations from state-funded education. Along with other anti-immigrant legislation, this bill is creating an oppressive climate of discrimination against individuals of Mexican descent in Arizona. This study investigates the impact of SB 1108 on the mental well-being of Mexican-descent undergraduate students and examines protective factors such as ethnic identity, civic engagement, and individual coping responses (engaged and disengaged). Ninety-nine undergraduates who self-identified as Mexican, Mexican American, or Chicana/o completed an online survey. Pearson product-moment correlation analysis indicates that greater stress due to SB 1108 was significantly associated with lower self-esteem and more depressive symptoms. Engaged coping responses to SB 1108 protected students' self-esteem even at high levels of stress; in contrast, students who felt high stress but were not engaged had significantly lower self-esteem. Our results also indicate that a positive ethnic identity, based on knowledge of cultural history and traditions, is a significant protective factor. Thus, while legislation such as the anti-ethnic studies bill may have a negative impact on the mental well-being of youth, it may also make them stronger as they become academically and civically engaged in response.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Ethnic Studies, Ethnicity, Mexican Americans, Coping, Program Effectiveness, Correlation, Hispanic Americans, Depression (Psychology), State Legislation, Well Being, Citizen Participation, Internet, Surveys, Stress Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Self Esteem, Self Concept, Cultural Background
UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center. 193 Haines Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1544. Tel: 310-794-9380; Tel: 310-825-2642; Fax: 310-206-1784; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.chicano.ucla.edu/press
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona