ERIC Number: EJ925848
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Young Children's Computer Skills Development from Kindergarten to Third Grade
Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.
Computers & Education, v57 n2 p1698-1704 Sep 2011
This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer skills using LISREL software version 8.80. Results indicated, not surprisingly, that the availability of a computer at home and a high socio-economic status were statistically significant predictors of children's baseline computer skills in kindergarten. The availability of computers in kindergarten, however, was a statistically significant predictor of the development of children's computer skills from kindergarten to third grade. Although there was no difference between girls and boys in their baseline computer skills in kindergarten, the rate of development in computer skills was higher for girls than boys. Results suggest that the availability of an adequate level of computers in kindergarten classrooms can help close the initial gap in children's computer skills due to socio-economic status and lack of computer access prior to entering school. Supplying kindergarten classrooms with adequate computers could positively contribute to children's long-term development of computer skills.
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Young Children, Computers, Kindergarten, Grade 3, Gender Differences, Skill Development, Computer Uses in Education, Access to Computers, Computer Literacy, Computer Use, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey