ERIC Number: EJ925623
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
School Mapping Restructure in China: What Role for the Small Rural School?
Zhao, Dan; Parolin, Bruno
Frontiers of Education in China, v6 n2 p248-278 Jun 2011
Despite significant progress over the past fifteen years associated with School Mapping Restructure (SMR) in Chinese rural schools, many small schools have been closed or have merged with larger primary schools. This has resulted, among other things, in difficulties for many students in rural areas who now have to travel longer distances to a central (primary) school and whose families generally have to bear greater expenses for schooling. This paper examines the role of small rural schools in the Chinese education system, looks at the context and impacts of SMR on these schools in terms of quality, cost and access indicators, and highlights some of the key difficulties faced by these schools in the restructured education system. We argue that small rural schools have a significant role to play in delivering education services in rural China and should therefore be retained, supported and equipped with the right levels of facilities and quality services for them to fulfill their role. The policy implications of these findings for education officials are discussed in the context of continuing SMR.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Schools, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Elementary Schools, Small Schools, Educational Quality, Educational Policy, Policy Analysis, Costs, Access to Education, Educational Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China