ERIC Number: EJ925307
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
Brief Report: Prevalence of Autistic Spectrum Disorders in the Sultanate of Oman
Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Al-Sharbati, Marwan M.; Al-Farsi, Omar A.; Al-Shafaee, Mohammed S.; Brooks, Daniel R.; Waly, Mostafa I.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n6 p821-825 Jun 2011
Prevalence of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in Oman is unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional study to estimate the prevalence of ASD among 0-14 year old children. Diagnoses were made as per DSM-IV-TR criteria and supplemented with information collected with the standard Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) questionnaire. A total 113 cases of ASD were enumerated nationwide, indicating an overall prevalence of 1.4 (95% CI 1.2, 1.7) cases per 10,000 children aged 0-14 years. More prevalent cases were among boys (75%) and among low-income families. Ritualistic interests were more common among girls as an onset-symptom compared to boys (p = 0.03). The reported low prevalence of ASD in Oman is likely due to under-diagnosis and under-reporting.
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Foreign Countries, Males, Low Income Groups, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Early Adolescents, Clinical Diagnosis, Questionnaires, Gender Differences, Socioeconomic Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oman
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childhood Autism Rating Scale