ERIC Number: EJ925306
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Brief Report: Schema Consistent Misinformation Effects in Eyewitnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Maras, Katie; Bowler, Dermot M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n6 p815-820 Jun 2011
A number of studies have demonstrated schema-related misinformation effects in typical individuals, but no research to date has examined this with witnesses with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), despite their impaired ability to generate core elements that define everyday events. After witnessing slides depicting a bank robbery, 16 adults with ASD and 16 matched comparison individuals were exposed to post-event misinformation that was either schema typical or atypical. Consistent with previous work, the comparison group went onto report more schema typical misinformation than atypical misinformation. However, so too did the ASD group, suggesting that individuals with ASD do have understanding of the causal links between events, persons and actions, an important finding from both theoretical and applied perspectives.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Misconceptions, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Attribution Theory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A