ERIC Number: EJ925173
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Feedback on Self-Rated Driving Ability and Driving Self-Regulation among Older Adults
Ackerman, Michelle L.; Crowe, Michael; Vance, David E.; Wadley, Virginia G.; Owsley, Cynthia; Ball, Karlene K.
Gerontologist, v51 n3 p367-378 Jun 2011
In 129 community-dwelling older adults, feedback regarding qualification for an insurance discount (based on a visual speed of processing test; Useful Field of View) was examined as a prospective predictor of change in self-reported driving ability, driving avoidance, and driving exposure over 3 months, along with physical, visual, health, and cognitive variables. Multiple regression models indicated that after controlling for baseline scores on the outcome measures, failure to qualify was a significant predictor of increased avoidance over 3 months (p = 0.02) but not change in self-rated driving ability or exposure. Female gender (p = 0.03) was a significant predictor of subsequent lower self-rated driving ability. Overall, the findings of this study provide support for the role of feedback in the self-monitoring of older adults' driving behavior through avoidance of challenging driving situations but not through driving exposure or self-rated driving ability.
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Motor Vehicles, Older Adults, Visual Perception, Multiple Regression Analysis, Predictor Variables, Gender Differences, Role, Metacognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Scores
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A