ERIC Number: EJ925123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Education, Enlightenment and Positivism: The Vienna Circle's Scientific World-Conception Revisited
Uebel, Thomas E.
Science & Education, v13 n1-2 p41-66 Feb 2004
The scientific world-conception is properly understood as an enlightenment philosophy only if the current reassessment of the historical Vienna Circle(as opposed to the caricature still prevalent in the popular philosophical imagination) is once more extended to comprehend not only its thorough-going epistemological anti-foundationalism, but also the voluntarist point of its ethical "non-cognitivism". That is to say, the scientific world-conception is properly understood as the opposite of village positivism only if it is recognized that it has an "other" and that the scientific world-conception was meant by its proponents to perform its enlightenment work only in conjunction with that other of scientific reason--ethical will and willing. Scientific reason cannot determine all there is to determine, it cannot determine the will. In this sense, there was, pace village positivism, more than scientific reason dreamt of. Scientific reason was not made absolute: rather, its (self-) clarification was required if a satisfactory view of its place in "life" was to be attained.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Ethics, Science and Society, Cognitive Processes, Epistemology, World Views, Intellectual History, Science History
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Austria