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ERIC Number: EJ925052
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 90
ISSN: ISSN-0924-3453
Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Studying School Leadership Effects as a Reciprocal Process
Hallinger, Philip; Heck, Ronald H.
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v22 n2 p149-173 2011
Over the past 3 decades, a substantial body of scholarship has examined the effects of school leadership on student learning. Most of this research has framed leadership as an independent variable, or driver for change, in relation to school effectiveness and school improvement. Yet, scholars have observed that leadership is also influenced by features of the organizational setting in which it is enacted. This leads us to conclude that predominant approaches to studying school leadership effects provide an incomplete picture of the processes and paths by which leadership contributes to school learning. This paper examines the potential offered by conceptualizations of leadership as a reciprocal, or mutual-influence, process to the study of leadership for learning. We explore a variety of conceptual and related methodological issues that confront researchers who wish to employ this potentially rich but challenging approach to understanding how school leadership contributes to student learning. (Contains 7 figures, 1 table, and 5 notes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong