ERIC Number: EJ924988
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Scenistic Methods for Training: Applications and Practice
Lyons, Paul R.
Journal of European Industrial Training, v35 n4 p368-384 2011
Purpose: This paper aims to complement an earlier article (2010) in "Journal of European Industrial Training" in which the description and theory bases of scenistic methods were presented. This paper also offers a description of scenistic methods and information on theory bases. However, the main thrust of this paper is to describe, give suggested uses for, and then to examine the empirical research already conducted on three scenistic methods: skill charting, case-based modeling and performance templates. The thrust of the research review is to examine the efficacy of each of the three methods. Design/methodology/approach: Following the descriptive information regarding scenistic methods in-general, each of the three specific methods (see above) are explained in detail as they might be used in training practice. Then, for each method, samples of the extant empirical research attendant to the method is examined. Findings: With regard to the empirical research presented in the paper it is found that in most practical applications of the methods, employees trained with scenistic methods out-perform employees trained with more conventional methods on some if not most of the variables under examination. The findings demonstrate that scenistic methods clearly have promise, although statistical precision is compromised owing to small sample sizes. Research limitations/implications: Studying the effects of different forms of training in these studies is constrained because the very nature and design of scenistic training approaches limits the number of trainees that can be included in a group. In brief, this means that results of use of conventional statistical tools demonstrate less sensitivity to group-to-group differences in performance. It is much easier to demonstrate statistical significance if comparing large groups of 60 or more individuals, each. Regardless, comparisons of groups in the reported studies demonstrate significant differences in performance following training on most variables. Practical implications: Overall, scenistic methods show much promise for use by training practitioners as the available empirical research, in the field, demonstrates their value. Originality/value: The paper groups together the findings of use of a variety of scenistic methods of training. There has been practically no research reported in recent years of the efficacy of methods such as these that use cases, incidents, stories, etc. to ground training and practice.
Descriptors: Employees, Cooperative Learning, On the Job Training, Research Methodology, Critical Incidents Method, Case Method (Teaching Technique), Vignettes, Creative Activities, Scripts, Writing Assignments, Charts, Statistical Significance, Program Effectiveness, Constructivism (Learning)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A