ERIC Number: EJ924785
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 101
Learners' Responses to the Demands of Conceptual Change: Considerations for Effective Nature of Science Instruction
Clough, Michael P.
Science & Education, v15 n5 p463-494 Feb 2006
Much has been written about how effective nature of science instruction must have a significant explicit and reflective character. However, while explicitly drawing students' attention to NOS issues is crucial, learning and teaching the NOS are essentially matters of conceptual change. In this article, how people learn and learners' responses to the demands of conceptual change are used to explain how students may exit from instruction with fundamental NOS misconceptions left intact or only slightly altered, despite being explicitly and reflectively attended to more accurate ideas. The purpose of this concept paper is to set within a theoretical framework of learning, and bring some coherence to, what has rapidly become a large body of empirical research regarding effective NOS instruction. Toward these two ends, this article: (1) illustrates how a conceptual change framework can be used to account for learners' responses to NOS instruction and what teachers might do to promote understanding NOS and transferring it to new contexts; (2) characterizes popularly advocated NOS instructional approaches along a continuum marked by increasing connection to the workings of science, and decreased ability to dismiss NOS lessons as extraneous to authentic science; and (3) proposes that NOS instruction would likely be more effective if teachers deliberately scaffolded classroom experiences and students' developing NOS understanding back and forth along the continuum.
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Misconceptions, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Science Education, Models
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A