ERIC Number: EJ924525
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Decentralization and Social Partnership: The Development of Vocational Education at Shanghai and Shenzhen in China
Lai, Manhong; Lo, Leslie N. K.
Educational Research for Policy and Practice, v5 n2 p101-120 Jul 2006
In 1985, the Chinese Mainland introduced a policy of decentralization in order to help facilitate the spread of basic education. By looking specifically at the developmental experiences of Shanghai and Shenzhen, we can gain an in depth understanding of the specific circumstances incurred under new education reforms. While undergoing decentralization, the local government's main responsibility was to implement the state directives and to act as the central government agency. During the development of vocational education, the level of decentralization in these two cities was situated somewhere between deconcentration and delegation. At the school level, the principal was mainly responsible for disseminating the state's requirements. Teachers had to firmly follow the state's instructions on teaching and learning. Other stakeholders' roles were left unclear and informal. It is believed that the indigenous meaning of education and an authentic social partnership can only develop if formal channels are established through which stakeholders can express their ideas on education in the locality.
Descriptors: Educational Change, Administrative Organization, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Educational Development, Government Role, Participative Decision Making, Organizational Change, Partnerships in Education, Institutional Role, Community Role, Politics of Education, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Change Strategies
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China