ERIC Number: EJ924463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Mindfulness Training for Parents and Their Children with ADHD Increases the Children's Compliance
Singh, Nirbhay N.; Singh, Ashvind N.; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Judy; Winton, Alan S. W.; Adkins, Angela D.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v19 n2 p157-166 Apr 2010
Children with ADHD are often non-compliant with parental instructions. Various methods have been used to reduce problem behaviors in these children, with medication and manipulation of behavioral contingencies being the most prevalent. An objection often raised by parents is that these management strategies require them to impose external control on the children which not only results in the children not learning self-control strategies, but also does not enhance positive interactions between them and their parents. Studies have shown that providing mindfulness training to parents, without a focus on reducing problem behaviors, can enhance positive interactions with their children and increase their satisfaction with parenting. We were interested to see what effects giving mindfulness training to two mothers, and subsequently to their children, would have on compliance by the children. Using a multiple baseline across mothers and children design, we found that giving a mother mindfulness training enhanced compliance by her child. When the children were subsequently given similar training, compliance increased even more markedly, and was maintained during follow-up. The mothers reported associated increases in satisfaction with the interactions with their children and happiness with parenting. We suspect that the mindfulness training produces personal transformations, both in parents and children, rather than teaching strategies for changing behavior.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mothers, Child Rearing, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Compliance (Psychology), Child Behavior, Parent Education, Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment, Satisfaction, Interaction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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