ERIC Number: EJ924261
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Evidence-Based Practices in the Field of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: An International Consensus Approach
Schalock, Robert L.; Verdugo, Miguel Angel; Gomez, Laura E.
Evaluation and Program Planning, v34 n3 p273-282 Aug 2011
As evidence-based practices become increasingly advocated for and used in the human services field it is important to integrate issues raised by three perspectives on evidence: empirical-analytical, phenomenological-existential, and post-structural. This article presents and discusses an evidence-based conceptual model and measurement framework that integrates these three perspectives and results in: multiple perspectives on evidence-based practices that involve the individual, the organization, and society; and multiple interpretation guidelines related to the quality, robustness, and relevance of the evidence. The article concludes with a discussion of five issues that need to be addressed in the future conceptualization, measurement and application of evidence-based practices. These five are the need to: expand the concepts of internal and external validity, approach evidence-based practices from a systems perspective, integrate the various perspectives regarding evidence-based practices, develop and evaluate evidence-based practices within the context of best practices, and develop a set of guidelines related to the translation of evidence into practice.
Descriptors: Evidence, Early Intervention, Mental Retardation, Developmental Disabilities, Guidelines, Educational Practices, Best Practices, Models, Measurement Techniques, Inferences, Global Approach, Convergent Thinking, Robustness (Statistics), Item Analysis, Integrated Services, Performance Factors
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A