ERIC Number: EJ924172
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Counselor Self-Disclosure: Does Sexual Orientation Matter to Straight Clients?
Carroll, Lynne; Gauler, Andy A.; Relph, Jason; Hutchinson, Kimberly S.
International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, v33 n2 p139-148 Jun 2011
The present investigation explores the impact of counselor self-disclosure of sexual orientation on self-identified heterosexuals. Two hundred and thirty-eight psychology undergraduate students read a short description of a counselor and one of eight versions of a counseling transcript. Transcripts were identical with the exception of the gender of the counselor and the inclusion of a single counselor statement, in which the counselor either disclosed his/her sexual orientation through a "feeling" subtype disclosure (Knox and Hill in "Journal of Clinical Psychology: Special Issue: In Session: Self-Disclosure" 59(5):529-539, 2003) or made a reflective statement. A total of 184 respondents who self-identified as "exclusively heterosexual," and accurately completed four validation check items, rated the target counselor on Expertness, Trustworthiness, and Attractiveness Subscales of the Counselor Rating Form-Short Version (CRF-S; Corrigan and Schmidt in "Journal of Counseling Psychology," 30:64-75, 1983). A significant interaction effect was found between self-disclosure status and sexual orientation of the counselor. Participants perceived the disclosing gay and lesbian counselors as significantly more trustworthy than their nondisclosing gay and lesbian counterparts.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Counselor Evaluation, Homosexuality, Counseling Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Sexual Orientation, Counselor Client Relationship, Counselor Characteristics, Trust (Psychology), Interpersonal Attraction, Measures (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Counselor Rating Form