ERIC Number: EJ924091
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Promoting Turn-Taking Skills in Preschool Children with Disabilities: The Effects of a Peer-Based Social Communication Intervention
Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Snell, Martha E.
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, v26 n3 p303-319 3rd Qtr 2011
The current study evaluated the turn-taking skills of preschoolers with disabilities who participated in a social communication intervention that targeted initiations, responses, and turn-taking skills, and taught children to repair and revise and to avoid interruptions and overlaps. Ten children who enrolled in an inclusive at-risk classroom met the inclusion criteria. A multiple baseline design across two dyads replicated across three additional dyads was used to determine the effects of the intervention. The social communication intervention was highly effective for five children, moderately effective for three children, and mildly effective for two children in increasing the rate of initiations with an immediate peer response from baseline to intervention. The social communication intervention was highly effective for one child, moderately effective for three children, mildly effective for two children, and ineffective for four children in improving turn-taking skills. Generalization results showed that nine out of ten participants demonstrated increased peer play following the intervention, increased levels of child-initiated interactions with a positive peer response, and decreased levels of solitary play. Several implications for practice were derived from the findings. By teaching children turn-taking strategies, the quality of social interactions that children have with their peers is likely to improve. The intervention offers a more systematic technique for teaching social communication and play skills than do informal strategies commonly used by teachers. Social validity assessments indicated that teachers found the intervention acceptable and produced important changes in behavior.
Descriptors: Play, Interpersonal Communication, Intervention, Disabilities, Preschool Children, Interpersonal Competence, Communication Skills, Responses, Inclusion, Mainstreaming, Program Effectiveness, Social Development, Generalization, Peer Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A