ERIC Number: EJ923683
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Children with Autism to Ask "What's That?" Using a Picture Communication with Vocal Results
Ostryn, Cheryl; Wolfe, Pamela S.
Infants and Young Children, v24 n2 p174-192 Apr-Jun 2011
Being a competent communicator is complex and goes beyond expressing simple needs and wants to include having the ability to ask and respond to wh-questions. For individuals with autism spectrum disorders who use pictures to communicate, initiating communications such as questions can be difficult and it has been shown that some picture systems do not include question asking in the curriculum, such as the Picture Exchange Communication System. This study attempted to address this lack of question asking in teaching communication with pictures. The current study investigated how augmentative and alternative communication users learn to communicate, with methods of how vocal individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been taught to ask wh-questions, to teach nonvocal individuals with autism spectrum disorders to ask the question "What's that?" using a picture communication. The results showed that all 3 participants learned to vocally ask "What's that?" without requiring the communication picture, and the training for all participants was completed within 1 to 2 days. Secondary findings included the successful generalization of this question to nontrained settings, communicative partners, and stimuli. This study extends the limited literature on teaching wh-questions to individuals with autism spectrum disorders and supports findings of vocal outcomes with individuals who use picture systems to communicate.
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Children, Communication Skills, Pictorial Stimuli, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Nonverbal Communication
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A