ERIC Number: EJ923680
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
"Dosage" Effects on Developmental Progress during Early Childhood Intervention: Accessible Metrics for Real-Life Research and Advocacy
Bagnato, Stephen J.; Suen, Hoi K.; Fevola, Antonio V.
Infants and Young Children, v24 n2 p117-132 Apr-Jun 2011
The accountability movement in education, in general, and early childhood intervention (ECI), specifically, have fueled the debate about the quality, benefits, and limitations of various types of publicly funded ECI and human service programs (PEW Charitable Trusts, 2008; National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences, 2009) not only in the United States but also internationally. However, policymakers, government regulatory bodies, and philanthropies are confused often by the complexity of our research methods and have proposed the concept of "dosage" (time-in-program) as a simpler way to depict child progress during program participation as an accountability model. Despite its technical and programmatic limitations, the dosage concept can be made uniform and rigorous to inform and to advocate. We have proposed and field-validated an "ECI minimum dosage" methodology that uses performance (ie, effect size) criteria from national ECI studies and regression metrics to establish a minimum comparative standard for state and national accountability and real-life program evaluation research efforts and advocacy in ECI for children at developmental risk. Practitioners and researchers can access a Web site to employ an excel program to input and analyze their data. In this article, we present dosage and progress data on n = 1350 children in a high-profile ECI initiative in the Pennsylvania to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed minimum-dosage metrics. Implications and lessons learned for practitioners, researchers, and policymakers are presented. Guide points to help programs to conduct applied research in real-life community settings to show "how good they are at what they do" are offered. With more accessible metrics, we can be more persuasive to advocate and influence public policy in ECI in desired directions for the benefits of all children, families, and programs--especially our most vulnerable ones.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education, Child Development, Educational Research, Accountability, Standards, Research Methodology, Program Evaluation, Advocacy
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Tel: 800-638-3030; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.lww.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania