NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ923385
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1533-242X
Problematizing High School Certificate Exam in Pakistan: A Washback Perspective
Jilani, Raana
Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, v9 n2 p175-183 Sep 2009
This paper describes and evaluates the Higher-Secondary School Certificate (HSC) exam in Pakistan that has been in place in its present form for more than thirty years. The author recounts her experience as a teacher of English in a representative high school in Pakistan and, reflecting on the impact of high school public exam, she argues that the exam has a negative washback effect. She then presents a detailed survey of washback literature, provides a description of the context and the test, and analyzes the current testing situation in Pakistan. It is concluded that the exam has had a widespread washback both at the individual and societal level needing serious attention in view of its broader educational and social implications. (Contains 1 table and 2 endnotes.)
Reading Matrix, Inc. University of South Florida Polytechnic, College of Human and Social Sciences, Division of Education, 3433 Winter Lake Road LMD 8038, Lakeland, FL 33805. Tel: 863-667-7712; Fax: 863-667-7098; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan