ERIC Number: EJ923321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Parental and Peer Predictors of Social Anxiety in Youth
Festa, Candice C.; Ginsburg, Golda S.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v42 n3 p291-306 Jun 2011
The aim of the current study was to extend etiological models of social anxiety in youth by examining the relative importance of parental (i.e., parental anxiety, rejection, and overcontrol) and peer factors (i.e., social acceptance, social support, and friendship quality). Sixty-three youth (ages 7-12; 52% male) and their parents participated in the study. Using multiple informants of these factors, results generally indicated that higher levels of parental anxiety, rejection, and overcontrol were related to higher levels of social anxiety. Higher levels of social support, acceptance, and validation were associated with lower levels social anxiety. The strongest predictors of social anxiety symptoms (as rated by an independent evaluator) were parental anxiety and friendship quality (i.e., validation from a peer). The strongest predictors of child rated social anxiety symptoms were parental overcontrol and perceived social acceptance. Findings are discussed in the context of current etiological models and suggest that interventions aimed at lowering social anxiety in youth address both parental anxiety and peer relationships.
Descriptors: Friendship, Rejection (Psychology), Anxiety Disorders, Peer Acceptance, Social Support Groups, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Parenting Styles, Correlation, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A