ERIC Number: EJ923284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Under What Conditions Do Children Have Difficulty in Inhibiting Imitation? Evidence for the Importance of Planning Specific Responses
Simpson, Andrew; Riggs, Kevin J.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v109 n4 p512-524 Aug 2011
The response set effect has been observed in a number of developmental tasks that are proposed to required inhibition. This effect has been interpreted as evidence that the specific responses children plan to make in these tasks become prepotent. Here we investigated whether there is a response set effect in the hand game. In this task, children need to suppress imitation and make a fist in response to a finger and point a finger in response to a fist. Following pilot data, we tested 7- and 11-year-olds (N = 36, Experiment 1) and then 5- and 6-year-olds (N = 40, Experiment 2). A response set effect was observed in the hand game with children 6 years of age and older. Thus, we obtained evidence consistent with a domain-general intentional mechanism that modulates prepotency. In the General discussion, we consider how this mechanism may work and how our findings relate to current theories of imitation.
Descriptors: Evidence, Child Development, Emotional Response, Imitation, Developmental Tasks, Inhibition, Task Analysis, Responses, Age Differences
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A