ERIC Number: EJ923278
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Gravity Is Not the Only Ruler for Falling Events: Young Children Stop Making the Gravity Error after Receiving Additional Perceptual Information about the Tubes Mechanism
Bascandziev, Igor; Harris, Paul L.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v109 n4 p468-477 Aug 2011
Young children seem to operate under the assumption that objects always fall in a straight vertical line. When asked to search for a ball dropped down an S-shaped opaque tube, they repeatedly search directly below. Hood proposed that children have difficulty in inhibiting their prepotent expectation that objects fall in a straight line (Hood, 1995). We asked whether the inability to inhibit this prepotent response is the only factor determining children's performance on the tubes task. In one condition the openings to the tubes were covered by chimneys, whereas in another condition the openings were visible. When first tested with the apparatus, children performed better when the openings were visible. Furthermore, children's performance on equally complex configurations (i.e., with or without chimneys) was modulated by their previous experience. Thus, children's understanding of the tubes mechanism seems to play an important role in addition to inhibitory control.
Descriptors: Inhibition, Young Children, Physics, Scientific Concepts, Object Manipulation, Teaching Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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