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ERIC Number: EJ923225
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 36
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 123
ISSN: ISSN-1570-0763
Leading under Sanction: Principals' Perceptions of Threat Rigidity, Efficacy, and Leadership in Underperforming Schools
Daly, Alan J.; Der-Martirosian, Claudia; Ong-Dean, Colin; Park, Vicki; Wishard-Guerra, Alison
Leadership and Policy in Schools, v10 n2 p171-206 2011
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was passed to ensure that 100 percent of students would be proficient by 2014. Progress toward that goal is measured annually and results suggest that while some schools improve, increasing numbers are identified as in need of improvement (INI) and are subject to sanctions. We examined perceived levels of threat rigidity, efficacy, and leadership in 549 California principals whose schools were INI or not. Results suggest that principals in INI schools identified more threat-rigid response and perceived less self-efficacy than in non-INI setting. Results did not indicate differences between principals in perceived transformational and transactional leadership. (Contains 10 tables and 1 note.)
Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001