ERIC Number: EJ923026
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
How Semantic Categorization Influences Inhibitory Processing in Middle-Childhood: An Event Related Potentials study
Maguire, Mandy J.; White, Joshua; Brier, Matthew R.
Brain and Cognition, v76 n1 p77-86 Jun 2011
Throughout middle-childhood, inhibitory processes, which underlie many higher order cognitive tasks, are developing. Little is known about how inhibitory processes change as a task becomes conceptually more difficult during these important years. In adults, as Go/NoGo tasks become more difficult there is a systematic decrease in the P3 NoGo response, indicating the use of effective inhibitory strategies (Maguire et al., 2009). This paper investigates the age at which children employ similar inhibitory strategies by studying behavioral and Event Related Potential (ERP) measures of response inhibition for three Go/NoGo tasks. Seventeen 7-8 year-olds and twenty 10-11-year-olds completed three Go/NoGo tasks that differed in the level of categorization necessary to respond. Both age groups displayed slower reaction times as the tasks became more difficult. Further, both groups displayed the predicted Go vs. NoGo P3 amplitude differences in the two simplest tasks, but no significant P3 differences for the most complex task. The reason for this pattern of responses was different in the different age groups. Similar to adults in previous work, the oldest children showed an attenuation of the P3 NoGo response with task difficulty, and no corresponding changes in the Go amplitude. The younger children displayed the opposite pattern, a significant increase in the Go amplitude with task difficulty, and no changes in the NoGo response. These response patterns indicate that efficient inhibitory strategies are developing throughout middle-childhood.
Descriptors: Semantics, Children, Classification, Cognitive Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Inhibition, Task Analysis, Age, Child Development, Developmental Stages, Prediction, Reaction Time
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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