ERIC Number: EJ922948
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Temporal Coordination in Children
Shin, Jacqueline C.
Brain and Cognition, v76 n1 p106-114 Jun 2011
The ability to learn temporal patterns in sequenced actions was investigated in elementary-school age children. Temporal learning depends upon a process of integrating timing patterns with action sequences. Children ages 6-13 and young adults performed a serial response time task in which a response and a timing sequence were presented repeatedly in a phase-matched manner, allowing for integrative learning. The degree of integrative learning was measured as the slowing in performance that resulted when phase-shifting the sequences. Learning was similar for the children and adults on average but increased with age for the children. Executive function measured by Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) performance as well as a measure of response speed also improved with age. Finally, WCST performance and response speed predicted temporal learning. Taken together, the results indicate that temporal learning continues to develop in pre-adolescents and that maturing executive function or processing speed may play an important role in acquiring temporal patterns in sequenced actions and the development of this ability.
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Elementary School Students, Young Adults, Task Analysis, Sensory Integration, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Measures (Individuals), Prediction, Performance, Preadolescents, Role, Sequential Learning, Psychomotor Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test