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ERIC Number: EJ922379
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0957-8234
Predicting Teacher Retention Using Stress and Support Variables
Sass, Daniel A.; Seal, Andrea K.; Martin, Nancy K.
Journal of Educational Administration, v49 n2 p200-215 2011
Purpose: Teacher attrition is a significant international concern facing administrators. Although a considerable amount of literature exists related to the causes of job dissatisfaction and teachers leaving the profession, relatively few theoretical models test the complex interrelationships between these variables. The goal of this paper is to partially fill this gap. Design/methodology/approach: Using a sample of 479 certified teachers who taught either at elementary (55.3 percent), middle (33.0 percent), or high (10.6 percent) school levels, three competing theoretical models with variables related to teacher stress or support were tested using structural equation modeling to predict job dissatisfaction and eventual intention to quit. Findings: The most parsimonious model revealed that student stressors completely mediated the relationship between teacher efficacy related to student engagement and job dissatisfaction, with social support superiors and student stressors being best predictors of job dissatisfaction. Although important within the school system, teacher workload stressors and social support from colleagues did not contribute significantly to the models. Originality/value: Theoretical models are needed to assist school administrators and researchers in developing programs to improve teacher retention and to predict those teachers who will struggle within the profession. Moreover, developing and testing comprehensive models associated with variables related to teacher and student success is critical for a well functioning school system. (Contains 1 table, 3 figures, and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A