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ERIC Number: EJ922289
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1099-0399
The Role of Ethnic Identity, Gender Roles, and Multicultural Training in College Counselors' Multicultural Counseling Competence: A Mediation Model
Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Nath, Sanjay R.
Journal of College Counseling, v14 n1 p50-64 Spr 2011
Increasing diversity on college campuses combined with economic globalization challenge colleges and universities to prepare their students to thrive in a diverse society. There are mixed effects from increasing diversity on campuses. Thus, providing multiculturally competent counseling is a necessary and indispensable prerequisite for college counselors. Previous research has indicated that there is a strong link between multicultural counseling competence (MCC) and counselors' level of ethnic identity and gender role development. This means that college counselors actually bring their own ethnic identity and gender role development into counseling and that such dimensions directly affect competency. The present study aimed to explore a potential mediator (multicultural training) to the relationships between: (a) ethnic identity and MCC and (b) gender roles and MCC. Structural equation modeling with survey data from 313 college counselors revealed that multicultural training significantly mediated the impact of both ethnic identity and gender roles on MCC, explaining 24% of MCC variance. Results indicated that college counselors need to be aware of their own gender roles and ethnic identity to be culturally competent and highlighted the mediational role that training plays in achieving MCC. (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A