ERIC Number: EJ922187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament
Mian, Nicholas D.; Wainwright, Laurel; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J.; Carter, Alice S.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n4 p501-512 May 2011
Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms, violence exposure, and sociodemographic risk factors predict school-aged anxiety symptoms. This longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a representative birth cohort (n = 1109). Structural equation modeling was used to examine hypothesized associations between risk factors measured in toddlerhood/preschool (age = 3.0 years) and anxiety symptoms measured in kindergarten (age = 6.0 years) and second grade (age = 8.0 years). Early child risk factors (anxiety symptoms and temperament) emerged as the most robust predictor for both parent-and child-reported anxiety outcomes and mediated the effects of maternal and family risk factors. Implications for early intervention and prevention studies are discussed.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Structural Equation Models, Prevention, Emotional Disturbances, Risk, Children, Personality, Grade 2, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation, Identification, At Risk Persons, Mothers, Violence, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 2; Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A