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ERIC Number: EJ922170
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0272
"Friluftsliv": A Contribution to Equity and Democracy in Swedish Physical Education? An Analysis of Codes in Swedish Physical Education Curricula
Backman, Erik
Journal of Curriculum Studies, v43 n2 p269-288 2011
During the last decade, expanding research investigating the school subject Physical Education (PE) indicates a promotion of inequalities regarding which children benefit from PE teaching. Outdoor education and its Scandinavian equivalent "friluftsliv," is a part of the PE curriculum in many countries, and these practices have been claimed to have the potential to contribute to more equity in PE teaching. Through an investigation of how stipulations regarding "friluftsliv" in the national Swedish PE curriculum are transformed and interpreted into 31 local PE syllabus documents, this paper investigates the possibilities for "friluftsliv" to fulfil this potential. In an analysis inspired by the educational sociologist, Basil Bernstein, I claim that Swedish PE teachers' marginalized interpretation of "friluftsliv" indicates its weak classification when a part of PE. When "friluftsliv" is addressed in PE, the strong dominance of a performance code transforms it into mere sport activities. The results of this study highlight questions regarding PE teachers' interpretation of learning aims and their work with text documents. It also discusses alternatives to implementing "friluftsliv" through PE and the role of teachers in curriculum reforms.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden