ERIC Number: EJ922108
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Loss of Information in Estimating Item Parameters in Incomplete Designs
Eggen, Theo J. H. M.; Verelst, Norman D.
Psychometrika, v71 n2 p303-322 Jun 2006
In this paper, the efficiency of conditional maximum likelihood (CML) and marginal maximum likelihood (MML) estimation of the item parameters of the Rasch model in incomplete designs is investigated. The use of the concept of F-information (Eggen, 2000) is generalized to incomplete testing designs. The scaled determinant of the F-information matrix is used as a scalar measure of information contained in a set of item parameters. In this paper, the relation between the normalization of the Rasch model and this determinant is clarified. It is shown that comparing estimation methods with the defined information efficiency is independent of the chosen normalization. The generalization of the method to other models than the Rasch model is discussed. In examples, information comparisons are conducted. It is found that for both CML and MML some information is lost in all incomplete designs compared to complete designs. A general result is that with increasing test booklet length the efficiency of an incomplete design, compared to a complete design, is increasing, as is the efficiency of CML compared to MML. The main difference between CML and MML is seen in the effect of the length of the test booklet. It will be demonstrated that with very small booklets, there is a substantial loss in information (about 35%) with CML estimation, while this loss is only about 10% in MML estimation. However, with increasing test length, the differences between CML and MML quickly disappear.
Descriptors: Test Length, Computation, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Models, Measurement, Measurement Techniques, Item Response Theory, Data Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Research Design
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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