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ERIC Number: EJ922047
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0361-476X
Effects of Beliefs about Meaning Construction and Task Instructions on Interpretation of Narrative Text
Mason, Lucia; Scirica, Fabio; Salvi, Laura
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v31 n4 p411-437 Oct 2006
Two dimensions of students' beliefs about meaning construction in reading processes, transmission and transaction beliefs, were studied. According to transmission beliefs, the reader's task is to understand the author's intended meaning, while transaction beliefs assign to the reader the role of active meaning constructor. Students' beliefs were ascertained by means of a questionnaire (Schraw, 2000), and the effects of these beliefs on narrative text comprehension and interpretation were examined. The first study, involving 52 students in grade 11, showed that transaction beliefs positively affected text interpretation in the form of personal and thematic responses. Study 2, involving 202 students in grades 7 and 11, revealed the influence of transaction beliefs on text comprehension, thematic, and personal interpretative responses, and overall meaning construction. It also showed the positive effects of giving specific rather than generic instructions for the interpretative task. Moreover, grade level significantly affected text comprehension and interpretation. Finally, differences in student performances were also related to the type of high school they were enrolled in. (Contains 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 7; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A