ERIC Number: EJ921928
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
The Effects of Summary Production and Encoding Condition on Children's Metacognitive Monitoring
von der Linden, Nicole; Schneider, Wolfgang; Roebers, Claudia M.
Metacognition and Learning, v6 n1 p3-23 Apr 2011
Two studies were conducted to investigate whether context variations were suitable to improve metacognitive judgments in children in a complex, everyday memory task. In the first phase of each experiment, participants were shown a short event (video) and gave judgments-of-learning (JOLs), that is, rated their certainty that they would later be able to recall specific details correctly. In the second phase of the experiments, participants took part in a memory interview about the memory event and gave confidence judgments (CJs), that is, rated their certainty that the provided answers to the memory questions were correct. Study 1 specifically investigated the potential positive influence of giving a verbal summary before the JOL-interview on metacognitive monitoring, whereas Study 2 had a closer look on the effect of intentional versus non-intentional encoding on JOL and CJ accuracy. Results revealed no significant influence of giving a summary and hardly any effect of encoding condition on metamemory monitoring although children from age 6 on showed adequate monitoring performance. JOL accuracy appears to be a complex process, which is even more difficult to influence in children than in adults.
Descriptors: Video Technology, Metacognition, Memory, Cognitive Processes, Task Analysis, Experiments, Recall (Psychology), Interviews, Children, Influences, Investigations, Evaluation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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