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ERIC Number: EJ921766
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
Influence of Age, Sex, and Race on College Students' Exercise Motivation of Physical Activity
Egli, Trevor; Bland, Helen W.; Melton, Bridget F.; Czech, Daniel R.
Journal of American College Health, v59 n5 p399-406 2011
Objective: The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students. Participants: Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research design was employed. Results: Significant differences were found in 3 of 14 exercise motivational subscales by age (affiliation, health pressures, and ill health avoidance) (p less than 0.05). Males were motivated by intrinsic factors (strength, competition, and challenge) (p less than 0.05) and females by extrinsic factors (ie, weight management and appearance) (p less than 0.05); only 2 subscales proved not to be significant by sex. Race differences provided 8 significant differences by exercise motivations (p less than 0.05). Conclusions: Significant differences for exercise motivations in college-aged population by demographics were documented. Understanding these differences is important for college health professionals for programming strategies and promoting physical activity. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A