ERIC Number: EJ921396
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Grasping the Concept of Personal Property
Constable, Merryn D.; Kritikos, Ada; Bayliss, Andrew P.
Cognition, v119 n3 p430-437 Jun 2011
The concept of property is integral to personal and societal development, yet understanding of the cognitive basis of ownership is limited. Objects are the most basic form of property, so our physical interactions with owned objects may elucidate nuanced aspects of ownership. We gave participants a coffee mug to decorate, use and keep. The experimenter also designed a mug of her own. In Experiment 1, participants performed natural lifting actions with each mug. Participants lifted the Experimenter's mug with greater care, and moved it slightly more towards the Experimenter, while they lifted their own mug more forcefully and drew it closer to their own body. In Experiment 2, participants responded to stimuli presented on the mug handles in a computer-based stimulus-response compatibility task. Overall, participants were faster to respond in trials in which the handles were facing in the same direction as the response location compared to when the handles were facing away. The compatibility effect was abolished, however, for the Experimenter's mug--as if the action system is blind to the potential for action towards another person's property. These findings demonstrate that knowledge of the ownership status of objects influences visuomotor processing in subtle and revealing ways.
Descriptors: Ownership, Experiments, Stimuli, Responses, Reaction Time, Comparative Analysis, Spatial Ability, Individual Development, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A