NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ921334
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0033-3085
The Differences between Retained and Promoted Children in Educational Services Received
Peterson, Lisa S.; Hughes, Jan N.
Psychology in the Schools, v48 n2 p156-165 Feb 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether students retained in first grade, relative to similarly low-achieving students who were promoted, differed in the number of remedial educational services received by students in the pre-retention year and in the repeat year. Study participants were 769 relatively low-achieving first-grade students, of whom 165 were retained in first grade and 604 were promoted. Controlling for students' conditional probability of being retained, based on propensity scores calculated prior to retention, retained students received the same number of services as did promoted students during the pre-retention year. The following year, when retained students were in first grade and promoted students were in second grade, retained students received fewer services than promoted students. Furthermore, retained children had a larger decrease in services from Year 1 to Year 2. These data support the notion that grade retention is being used as the primary intervention instead of a component of a more comprehensive remediation plan. (Contains 2 tables.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Subscription Department, 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas