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ERIC Number: EJ921223
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
Cognitive Characteristics of Treatment-Resistant Children with Reading Disabilities: A Retrospective Study
Johnson, Deanne Emilie Dukleth; Swanson, H. Lee
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v29 n2 p137-149 Apr 2011
The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare the cognitive performance of 11-to 14-year-old children with reading disabilities as a function of high (greater than 85 reading standard score) and low (less than 85 reading standard score) response to intervention. Students were divided into high responders, low responders, and nonresponders after 3 years of instruction and compared on phonological, rapid naming, temporal, and executive processing measures. Although children designated as responders were statistically comparable with nonresponders at Year 1, significant differences in favor of high responders emerged on measures of phonological awareness, rapid naming, and temporal processing when compared with the other groups. All groups yielded below normal performance on measures of phonological awareness, planning, and verbal working memory. Overall the findings suggest that low responders and nonresponders suffer multiple deficits beyond the phonological system. (Contains 2 tables and 2 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Cognitive Assessment System