ERIC Number: EJ921085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Running Away from Home: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Risk Factors and Young Adult Outcomes
Tucker, Joan S.; Edelen, Maria Orlando; Ellickson, Phyllis L.; Klein, David J.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v40 n5 p507-518 May 2011
Little is known about the adolescent risk factors and young adult health-related outcomes associated with running away from home. We examined these correlates of running away using longitudinal data from 4,329 youth (48% female, 85% white) who were followed from Grade 9 to age 21. Nearly 14% of the sample reported running away in the past year at Grade 10 and/or Grade 11. Controlling for demographics and general delinquency, running away from home was predicted by lack of parental support, school disengagement, greater depressive affect, and heavier substance use at Grade 9. In turn, runaways had higher drug dependence scores and more depressive symptoms at age 21 than non-runaways, even after taking these antecedent risk factors into account. Runaway status did not predict alcohol dependence risk at age 21. Results highlight the importance of substance use and depression, both as factors propelling adolescents to run away and as important long-term consequences of running away.
Descriptors: Runaways, Young Adults, Adolescents, Grade 9, Grade 11, Grade 10, Depression (Psychology), At Risk Persons, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, High School Students, Drug Abuse, Delinquency, Predictor Variables, Parent Child Relationship, Educational Environment, Affective Behavior, Substance Abuse
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A